The Cardigan Welsh Corgi: All You Need to Know

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are delightful little dogs with an interesting history and charming personality traits. This popular breed is beloved by many dog lovers around the world.

In this article, you will learn everything there is to know about the Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed, from history and appearance to personality traits and health concerns. Let’s begin. 

History and Origins of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed has an ancient history that can be traced back to the Bronze Age. These small and lovely dogs were originally bred and used by farmers in Wales to herd cattle and sheep.

The breed was developed to be sturdy, energetic, and capable of working long hours in harsh environments. Some farmers used breed members to catch rats and other vermin that would often infest the farms and homes. Their small size and agility made them perfect for this task.

The evolution of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed can be traced to two types of dogs: the Teckel, a German breed, and the Swedish Vallhund. Over time, the breed was refined and became a distinct breed of its own. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1935.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi in Wales

During their earliest years, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi was a popular working dog in rural Wales. The breed performed admirably under harsh conditions, working long hours to perform their duties.

The dog’s compact size was especially useful in herding cattle as they could nip at the cattle’s heels without getting kicked. But the Cardigan Welsh Corgi was not just a working dog.

They were also beloved family pets. Their loyal and affectionate nature made them excellent companions, and they were often kept as house dogs as well as working dogs.

The Breed’s Journey to America

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed didn’t make its way to America until the early 1900s. At that time, the breed was still largely unknown outside of Wales, and it wasn’t until the 1920s that the first Cardigan Welsh Corgis were imported into the United States.

Today, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a beloved breed all over the world. Breed members are popular family pets. Their playful and affectionate nature makes them wonderful companions, and their unique appearance makes them stand out in any crowd.

Physical Characteristics and Appearance

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small, sturdy dog with a long, rectangular body and short legs. Here is a more detailed review of the breed’s characteristics. 

Size and Weight

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small breed, with the average male weighing 30 to 38 pounds and standing 10.5 to 12.5 inches tall at the shoulder. Females weigh slightly less, with an average weight of between 25 to 34 pounds, and stand 10-12 inches tall at the shoulder.

Coat and Colors

The breed has a double coat, with a soft undercoat and a harsh outer coat of medium length. The coat comes in a variety of colors, including black & white, brindle & white, sable & white, red & white, and blue merle & white. 

Distinctive Features

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is known for its distinctive features. The long body, short legs, and large ears make it stand out from other dog breeds. However, the most distinctive feature is the long, fluffy tail. The tail helps keep balance while working and adds to the charming personality.

Temperament and Personality Traits

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a sweet nature and charming personality. It is an affectionate, loyal, and intelligent dog that bonds deeply with its family. 

Intelligence and Trainability

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are highly intelligent dogs and are eager to please their owners. They take nicely to training and are eager to learn new skills. The breed is extremely loyal and is a quick study when it comes to obedience training and housebreaking.

Consistency, positive reinforcement, and patience are the keys to success when training a Cardigan Welsh Corgi.

Affection and Loyalty

The breed’s loyalty and love for its owners cannot be overstated. They are affectionate and thrive on spending time with their families.

Cardigan Welsh Corgis love to cuddle and will often follow their owners around the house just to be close to them.

Energy Levels and Exercise Needs

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are energetic dogs that require regular exercise. They enjoy going for walks, playing in the yard, and participating in other activities that give them an outlet for their energy.

Owners should be prepared to provide plenty of exercise, as a lack of activity can lead to destructive behavior and weight gain.

Health and Lifespan

Like all dog breeds, Cardigan Welsh Corgis are prone to some health issues. However, with proper care and preventative measures, many of these issues can be avoided or mitigated.

Common Health Issues

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are susceptible to several health conditions, such as: 

  • IVDD: IVDD or intervertebral disc disease is a spinal condition in breeds with elongated bodies, causing pain and paralysis 
  • PRA: PRA or progressive retinal atrophy is a hereditary eye condition that leads to blindness and has no known cure

Preventative Care and Regular Checkups

Owners can reduce the risk of health issues by providing their Cardigan Welsh Corgi with proper preventative care, including regular checkups, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.

It’s essential to take any potential health issues seriously and follow your veterinarian’s advice regarding treatments and medications.

Expected Lifespan

With proper care, a Cardigan Welsh Corgi can live for 12 to 15 years.

Owners who provide their dogs with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and plenty of love and attention will enjoy many happy years with their beloved furry friend.


Overall, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a delightful and beloved breed with a unique appearance and charming personality. While the breed is not without its health challenges, with proper care and preventative measures, many of these issues can be avoided or mitigated.

Anyone considering adding a Cardigan Welsh Corgi to their family should research the breed carefully and be prepared to provide plenty of love, attention, and exercise. Raising a Corgi is a truly rewarding experience. 

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