The Chortai Dog Breed: Everything You Need to Know

The Chortai is a beautiful and agile breed that boasts a rich history, distinctive physical features, and a personality that sets it apart from many other dog breeds.

In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about the Chortai dog breed in an effort to raise its popularity and help increase its population numbers.

History and Origins of the Chortai Dog Breed

Ancient Roots and Development

The Chortai dog breed’s lineage can be traced back to two now-extinct breeds, the Krymstaja, and the Gorskaja dog. In 1829, the London ZOO exhibited a specimen of the breed by the name Russian Greyhound. However, the breed is still almost never seen outside Russia. 

The Chortai’s Role in Russian History

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Chortai dogs played a significant role in the development of Russian dog breeding. The breed’s strength, beauty, and loyalty drew the attention of Russian nobles, who began keeping Chortais as guard dogs and companions.

The Chortai breed quickly became a symbol of status and wealth among the Russian aristocracy. During the Soviet era, the Chortai breed’s value was recognized by the government, and they began breeding them for military purposes.

These dogs were trained to sniff out landmines and explosives and to act as scouts and messengers on the battlefield. The Chortai breed’s intelligence and loyalty made them the perfect choice for these tasks.

Modern Popularity and Recognition

Today, the Chortai is not recognized by major kennel clubs, such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC). Also, the breed is still very rare outside its native country. 

Physical Characteristics and Appearance

Size and Weight

The Chortai is a medium-sized dog that typically weighs between 39 and 77 pounds and stands 25.5 to 28 inches tall. The Chortai is muscular and well-built, with a strong, compact frame that is capable of great speed and agility.

The breed is the perfect size for an active family that loves to play and exercise with their furry friend. Their size also makes them great for apartment living, as they are not too big to maneuver around smaller spaces.

Coat and Colors

Chortai dogs have a short, dense coat that is usually monochromatic and includes several possible colors, such as black, white, cream, sable, tiger, red, etc. 

The breed is known for its distinctive “mask,” which covers most of the face and gives a striking appearance. The coat is low maintenance, sheds moderately, and requires minimal grooming.

Distinctive Features

The Chortai dog has small and slightly pointed ears and a tail that is long and curled over the back. The breed is well known for its piercing, expressive eyes that seem to have a human-like quality to them. They are usually a deep brown or black. 

Personality and Temperament

The Chortai dog is a breed that is known for its friendly and outgoing personality. It loves to be around people and has a playful and energetic nature that makes it great for active families.

Intelligence and Trainability

The Chortai dog is a highly intelligent breed that is easy to train. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. This means that they thrive on praise and rewards rather than punishment.

Energy Levels and Exercise Needs

As a working breed, Chortai dogs have high energy levels and require plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks, runs, or games of fetch are essential for keeping these dogs physically and mentally stimulated.

Chortai dogs also love to play. They are great at playing fetch, and they enjoy chasing after toys. They are also excellent swimmers. 

Socialization and Interaction with Other Animals

Chortai dogs are generally friendly and sociable with other animals and people, but they can be wary of strangers if they haven’t been properly socialized. Early socialization is key to ensuring that your Chortai grows up to be a confident, well-adjusted animal.

Chortai dogs can get along well with other dogs and cats if they are introduced to them at a young age. They are also good with children, but like all dogs, they should be supervised when playing with young children.

Health and Lifespan

Common Health Issues

Like all dog breeds, Chortais are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common problems that affect the breed include: 

  • Hip Dysplasia: A genetic joint condition caused by incongruency of the hip, which results in severe pain, lameness, and mobility issues 
  • Elbow Dysplasia: An orthopedic joint issue in which the bones forming the elbow are loose, causing pain, limping, and impaired mobility 
  • Digestive Issues: The breed has a sensitive stomach and is prone to digestive upsets, manifesting with vomiting and diarrhea episodes 

Preventative Care and Regular Checkups

Preventative care is the key to keeping your Chortai healthy. This includes regular vet checkups, vaccinations, and parasite prevention.

It’s also important to provide your Chortai with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise to prevent obesity and other health problems.

Expected Lifespan

Chortai dogs can live up to 14 to 15 years or more with proper care, which is relatively long for a medium-sized breed. 

By providing your pet with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and preventative care, you can help ensure that your Chortai lives a long and happy life.


If you’re looking for a dog breed that is beautiful, intelligent, and loyal, the Chortai might be the perfect pet for you. With its rich history, distinctive physical features, and friendly personality, this breed has a lot to offer.

By providing your Chortai with the care and attention it deserves, you can enjoy many years of happiness and companionship with this wonderful animal.

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