The Dutch Shepherd: All You Need to Know

The Dutch Shepherd is a versatile breed with a unique combination of size, strength, and agility that excels in a variety of jobs, from police work and search and rescue to herding and competitive sports.

In this article, we will explore the fascinating history, physical characteristics, temperament, and health aspects of the Dutch Shepherd to provide you with all you need to know about this amazing dog breed.

History and Origin of the Dutch Shepherd

Early Beginnings in the Netherlands

The Dutch Shepherd dog breed has a rich history that dates back to the 16th century in the Netherlands. These dogs were initially bred to assist farmers in their everyday tasks, such as herding cattle, guarding the property, and pulling carts.

As the Dutch Shepherd’s reputation grew, so did their role in society. The dogs were soon being used for other purposes, such as police work, search and rescue, and even as guide dogs for the blind.

The breed’s high energy levels, intelligence, and trainability made them ideal candidates for these jobs, and they quickly became popular among law enforcement agencies and other organizations.

Evolution of the Breed’s Purpose

Over time, the Dutch Shepherd’s role continued to evolve. In the early 1900s, the breed was used extensively by the Dutch police force, and they were trained to assist in the capture of criminals.

During World War II, the Dutch Shepherd was trained to sniff out explosives and help locate hidden weapons caches. Breed members were also used to carry messages between resistance fighters. 

Recognition by Kennel Clubs

Despite their long history, the Dutch Shepherd breed wasn’t officially recognized by kennel clubs until the 20th century. The breed was first recognized by the Raad van Beheer, the Dutch Kennel Club, and then the American Kennel Club.

Today, the Dutch Shepherd is a popular breed around the world, known for their intelligence, loyalty, and versatility. They continue to work in a variety of jobs, from police work to search and rescue, and they are also beloved family pets. 

Physical Characteristics of the Dutch Shepherd

Size and Weight

The Dutch Shepherd is a medium-sized dog, with breed members typically standing between 21.5 to 24.5 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 42 to 75 pounds.

Dutch Shepherds have an athletic and agile build, which enables them to perform various tasks with ease. They are highly energetic and require regular exercise.

Coat Types and Colors

Based on coat type, there are two Dutch Shepherds varieties:

  • Short-Haired: Close-fitting and quite hard with a dense and woolly undercoat 
  • Long-Haired: Straight, long, harsh, and well-fitting with a woolly undercoat
  • Rough-Haired: Harsh, dense, and tousled coat with a thick and woolly undercoat 

The breed’s coat can come in a variety of colors, including silver brindle, gold brindle, and yellow. Brindle is the most common coat option among Dutch Shepherds, with its unique pattern of dark stripes on a lighter background. 

Distinctive Features

Dutch Shepherds have an alert, intelligent expression. The triangular-shaped ears are erect, and the eyes are round and dark, giving the breed a friendly and approachable look.

Dutch Shepherds have a long, thick tail that is carried low in a relaxed position when they are at rest. When they are alert or excited, their tail is carried high and may even curl over their back.

They also have a muscular, athletic build, with a deep chest and strong legs that enable them to move quickly and nimbly. The hallmarks of the breed are its distinctive coat, alert expression, and athletic build. 

Temperament and Personality Traits

Intelligence and Trainability

Dutch Shepherds are known for their high levels of intelligence and trainability, which makes them excellent candidates for a variety of jobs. They have a natural instinct to work and can quickly learn new commands and tasks.

However, they do require consistent and patient training, as they can sometimes be stubborn and independent. An experienced handler can manage breed members with ease. 

Energy Levels and Exercise Needs

Dutch Shepherds are highly energetic dogs and require plenty of exercise. They thrive on activities such as hiking, running, and playing fetch, and also enjoy organized dog sports, like obedience trials and agility competitions.

Without sufficient physical exercise and mental stimulation, Dutch Shepherds can become bored and destructive, so it’s important to provide them with enough physical and mental stimulation.

Socialization and Interaction with Other Animals

Proper socialization is crucial for Dutch Shepherds, as they can sometimes be wary of strangers and other animals. Socialization helps them learn how to interact appropriately with people and other pets.

With proper training and socialization, Dutch Shepherds can be loyal and affectionate companions to their owners. Both socialization and training must be started early for the best results.  

Health and Lifespan of the Dutch Shepherd

Common Health Issues

Like all dog breeds, Dutch Shepherds are prone to certain health issues, such as: 

  • Hip Dysplasia: An orthopedic issue manifesting with arthritis, pain, and lameness due to incongruency of the hip joint 
  • Thyroid Problems: Members of the breed are prone to issues with the thyroid gland resulting in hormonal imbalances 

Preventative Care and Regular Checkups

Dutch Shepherds require regular veterinary checkups to ensure their health and well-being. It’s vital to keep up with vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and regular dental care, among other things. 

Expected Lifespan

The average lifespan of the Dutch Shepherd can is between 11 to 14 years, which is similar to other medium-sized breeds. With care and genetics, many members of the breed live to an old age. 


The Dutch Shepherd is a lively, intelligent, and athletic breed. Whether used as a working or companion dog, this dog is sure to provide years of loyal and devoted companionship to its owner.

Proper training, socialization, and preventative care help ensure that the Dutch Shepherd stays healthy and happy for years to come, making it an excellent choice for dog lovers everywhere.

Scroll to Top