The Extinct Hare Indian Dog: Discovering the Unique Dog Breed

The Hare Indian Dog is a fascinating and now-extinct breed with the loyalty and domestication traits of dogs and the speed and agility of wild coyotes. 

In this article, we will take a close look at the Indian Hare Dog’s interesting history, distinctive physical features, and exceptional temperament. Let’s begin.

A Brief History of the Hare Indian Dog Breed

The Hare Indian Dog, also known as the Mackenzie River Dog, was one of the oldest dog breeds in North America.

It originated in the northern regions of Canada, specifically in the Mackenzie River Valley and the Arctic coast. The breed played an important role in the lives of indigenous communities in the area for centuries.

Origins and Ancestry

The Hare Indian Dog is believed to have descended from a group of dogs that came to North America with the Thule people, who migrated from Siberia to the Arctic region about 1,000 years ago.

The Thule people used these dogs for hunting, transportation, and companionship. Over time, these dogs interbred with other indigenous dog breeds in the area and resulted in the current Hare Indian Dog breed.

The Role of the Hare Indian Dog in Indigenous Communities

For thousands of years, the Hare Indian Dog played an important role in the lives of indigenous communities. The dog was used for hunting, pulling sleds, providing warmth, and in spiritual ceremonies.

The Decline and Disappearance of the Breed

Unfortunately, the arrival of European settlers in North America had a negative impact on the Hare Indian Dog breed. The introduction of new dog breeds led to a decrease in the population.

As a result, the breed’s numbers gradually declined, and by the early 20th century, the Hare Indian Dog was extinct. Today, some claim that the breed still exists in the wild but with a modified look. 

Physical Characteristics of the Hare Indian Dog

Size and Build

The Hare Indian Dog was a small to medium-sized dog that stood around 17 to 19 inches tall at the shoulders. Its slender yet muscular build, with a deep chest and a long tail that curled over its back, made it an excellent runner and jumper.

Coat and Color

The Hare Indian Dog had a distinctive coat that was typically short, dense, and waterproof. The coat helped protect the breed from the cold and wet arctic climate.

The coat came in a range of colors, including black, white, gray, red, and brown. Some Hare Indian Dogs had a combination of colors on their coat, such as white with black spots or brown with white patches.

Distinctive Features

The Hare Indian Dog had pointed ears, almond-shaped eyes, and a muzzle that was slightly curved upward. Its paws were webbed and its unique coat protected it from the harsh arctic environment.

Temperament and Personality Traits

Intelligence and Trainability

The Hare Indian Dog was a highly intelligent breed that was quick to learn new commands and tricks. With consistent and patient training, the Hare Indian Dog could learn a range of commands.

Socialization and Interaction with Other Animals

The Hare Indian Dog was a wary breed that could get along well with other animals, including dogs, cats, and even horses if socialized thoroughly and from an early age. 

Energy Levels and Exercise Requirements

The Hare Indian Dog was an active breed that required plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. When not used to help around, the breed members were prone to boredom and destructive behaviors.

Health and Lifespan of the Hare Indian Dog

The Hare Indian Dog was a relatively healthy breed that could live up to 15 years. We do not know much about breed-specific conditions in the breed, but it is safe to assume that the Hare Indian Dog was genetically strong and robust. 


The Hare Indian Dog was a fascinating breed that had a unique history, distinctive appearance, and exceptional temperament. With its friendly and loyal personality, it was of great help to be around.

Sadly, the Hare Indian Dog does not exist in modern times. However, its presence has left an imprint on the lives of indigenous people living in its native region. 

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