All You Need to Know About the Pharaoh Hound Dog Breed

If you’re looking for a dog breed that’s unique and full of character, you might want to learn more about the Pharaoh Hound. This breed is known for its distinctive look and playful personality. In this article, we will go over everything you need to know about this fascinating breed, from its origins to its health and temperament.

History and Origins of the Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound is a fascinating breed that has a rich history and a unique set of skills. Its origins can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where it was highly regarded by the pharaohs and used for hunting and as a companion to the ruling class. Let’s take a closer look at the history and origins of this remarkable breed.

Ancient Egyptian Roots

The Pharaoh Hound’s roots go back to ancient Egypt, where it was known as the Tesem, which means “the hunting dog” in Egyptian. The breed was said to be a favorite of the pharaohs and was highly valued for its hunting abilities. The Pharaoh Hound’s keen nose and exceptional speed made it an ideal hunting companion for the pharaohs. It was often used to track down prey, such as gazelles and rabbits, and bring them back to the hunters.

Interestingly, the Pharaoh Hound is one of the oldest domesticated dog breeds in the world, with evidence of its existence dating back over 5,000 years. It’s no wonder that this breed has such a rich and fascinating history.

The Pharaoh Hound in Malta

While the Pharaoh Hound has its origins in Egypt, it is also closely associated with Malta, a small island nation in the Mediterranean. It’s believed that the breed was brought to Malta by the Phoenicians, who used the island as a trading hub. Over time, the breed was adopted by the locals and became an integral part of Maltese culture.

Today, the Pharaoh Hound is still considered the national dog of Malta, and its image can be found on everything from postage stamps to souvenirs. The breed is also known for its unique vocalization, which sounds like a cross between a bark and a howl. This distinctive trait is often referred to as the “Pharaoh Hound scream.”

Recognition by Kennel Clubs

Despite its rich history, the Pharaoh Hound was not recognized by kennel clubs until the 20th century. The breed was first recognized by the Kennel Club of England in 1974 and the American Kennel Club in 1983. Today, the Pharaoh Hound is recognized by kennel clubs around the world and is a beloved breed among dog enthusiasts.

In conclusion, the Pharaoh Hound is a breed with a fascinating history and unique set of skills. From its ancient Egyptian roots to its association with Malta, this breed has captured the hearts of dog lovers for thousands of years. Whether you’re a fan of the breed’s hunting abilities or its distinctive vocalization, there’s no denying that the Pharaoh Hound is a remarkable dog with a rich and fascinating history.

Physical Characteristics and Appearance

The Pharaoh Hound is a medium-sized breed with a distinctive look. Originally from Egypt, this breed was used for hunting rabbits and small game. Here are some of its physical characteristics:

Size and Weight

Male Pharaoh Hounds typically stand between 21 and 25 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 45 and 55 pounds. Female Pharaoh Hounds are slightly smaller, standing between 20 and 24 inches tall and weighing between 40 and 50 pounds. Despite their medium size, Pharaoh Hounds are known for their incredible speed and agility, which made them excellent hunters in their native land.

Coat and Colors

The Pharaoh Hound has a short, smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors. The most common color is tan or chestnut, but the breed can also be red, white, or black. The coat is easy to maintain and requires minimal grooming.

Distinctive Features

One of the most distinctive features of the Pharaoh Hound is its large, upright ears, which are shaped like triangles. These ears are not only a unique physical characteristic, but they also serve a practical purpose. When the Pharaoh Hound is excited or alert, its ears turn bright pink, which makes it easier for hunters to spot them in low-light conditions. In addition to its ears, the Pharaoh Hound is known for its long, lean body and elegant posture, which give it a regal appearance.

Another interesting feature of the Pharaoh Hound is its ability to blush. When the dog is excited or happy, its nose and ears turn a deep shade of pink, which is a unique characteristic not found in many other breeds.

Overall, the Pharaoh Hound is a beautiful and unique breed that stands out from the crowd. Its distinctive physical characteristics and regal appearance make it a popular choice for dog lovers around the world.

Temperament and Personality Traits

The Pharaoh Hound is a fascinating breed that has a lot to offer. They are known for their playful and affectionate personality, which makes them great companions for families and individuals alike. Here are some of the key temperament traits that make the Pharaoh Hound such a unique and beloved breed:

Intelligence and Trainability

One of the most striking attributes of the Pharaoh Hound is their intelligence. They are quick learners and have a great deal of energy, which can make them a bit of a handful at times. However, with proper training and socialization, they can be well-behaved and obedient pets.

If you’re considering getting a Pharaoh Hound, it’s important to start training them from a young age and to use positive reinforcement techniques. These dogs respond well to treats and praise, and they enjoy learning new tricks and commands. With consistency and patience, you can teach your Pharaoh Hound to be a well-mannered and obedient companion.

Energy Levels and Exercise Needs

As mentioned earlier, the Pharaoh Hound is a high-energy breed that requires a lot of exercise. If they don’t get enough physical activity, they can become bored and destructive. It’s recommended that they have at least an hour of exercise each day, which can include walks, runs, or playtime in a fenced yard.

Pharaoh Hounds are also known for their love of agility training and lure coursing. These activities can be great ways to channel their energy and keep them mentally stimulated. If you’re looking for a dog that can keep up with your active lifestyle, the Pharaoh Hound might be the perfect match.

Socialization and Friendliness

The Pharaoh Hound is a friendly and sociable breed that gets along well with children and other pets. They crave human companionship and are known for their loyal and affectionate nature. If you’re looking for a dog that will be a true member of your family, the Pharaoh Hound might be just what you need.

However, it’s important to socialize your Pharaoh Hound from a young age to prevent any potential aggression towards strangers or other animals. This means exposing them to a variety of people and situations, so they learn how to behave appropriately in different settings. With proper socialization, your Pharaoh Hound can be a well-adjusted and friendly companion for years to come.

Health and Lifespan

Like all breeds, the Pharaoh Hound is susceptible to certain health issues. Here are some of the most common:

Common Health Issues

Pharaoh Hounds are prone to certain health conditions, such as hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and skin allergies. It’s important to monitor your dog’s health closely and to take them for regular checkups with a veterinarian.

Preventative Care and Regular Checkups

To prevent health issues from developing, it’s important to provide your Pharaoh Hound with proper preventative care. This includes regular exercise, a healthy diet, and routine checkups with a veterinarian.

Expected Lifespan

The Pharaoh Hound has a relatively long lifespan compared to other breeds. On average, they live between 11 and 14 years.


The Pharaoh Hound is a unique and fascinating breed that’s worth considering if you’re looking for a dog with character and personality. Their ancient roots give them a rich history, and their playful and affectionate nature makes them great companions.

Remember that owning a dog is a big responsibility, and it’s important to provide your Pharaoh Hound with proper care and attention. With the right training and socialization, they can be wonderful pets that bring joy and happiness into your life.

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