Everything You Need to Know About the Picardy Spaniel Dog Breed

Are you in search of a loyal, affectionate, and athletic companion to add to your household? Look no further than the Picardy Spaniel dog breed! This French breed is beloved by many for its impressive hunting abilities, friendly disposition, and handsome physical traits. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to everything you need to know about this versatile breed.

History and Origin of the Picardy Spaniel

The origins of the Picardy Spaniel can be traced back to the middle ages in France, where it was commonly used as a hunting dog for bird and small game. While the breed was originally popular in northern France, its hunting capabilities eventually gained attention in other regions throughout the country.

The Picardy Spaniel’s Roots in France

The Picardy Spaniel’s name is derived from the region in which it was first developed: the Picardy region of northern France. This area is known for its dense forests, wetlands, and farmland which provided the ideal terrain for hunting.

French hunters prized the Picardy Spaniel for its ability to work tirelessly in the field. The breed’s long, wavy coat also served as protection from harsh outdoor elements during long hunts. While its popularity dipped in the twentieth century, it has since regained popularity and is recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Development of the Breed Over Time

The Picardy Spaniel has been bred for centuries to withstand the rigors of hunting, which has resulted in a strong, muscular physique with a keen nose. Over time, the breed has been refined to improve its hunting abilities and physical traits. Breeders have carefully selected for hunting instinct, athleticism, and loyalty to their human companions.

As the breed gained popularity, so did its aesthetic appeal. The Picardy Spaniel’s long, wavy coat is now one of its most striking features. Breed standards also indicate that the breed should have a dark brown, amber, or hazel eye color and ears that hang low and close to the head.

The Picardy Spaniel in Modern Times

Today, the Picardy Spaniel is still primarily used as a hunting dog, but it has also found a place in the hearts and homes of families as a loyal and affectionate companion. The breed is known for its gentle and patient nature, making it a great choice for families with children.

Despite its popularity in France and the United States, the Picardy Spaniel remains a relatively rare breed. Breeders and enthusiasts are working to increase awareness of the breed and preserve its unique characteristics.

Training and Care for the Picardy Spaniel

As a hunting breed, the Picardy Spaniel requires regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks and playtime in a secure, fenced-in yard are essential for this active breed.

Training is also important for the Picardy Spaniel, as it can have a stubborn streak. Positive reinforcement training methods, such as treats and praise, work best with this breed.

Grooming the Picardy Spaniel’s long, wavy coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. Occasional baths are also necessary to keep the coat clean and healthy.


The Picardy Spaniel is a unique and versatile breed with a rich history and a bright future. Whether as a hunting companion or a loyal family pet, this breed’s gentle nature and striking appearance make it a beloved member of any household.

Physical Characteristics of the Picardy Spaniel

In this section, we’ll take a closer look at the Picardy Spaniel’s physical characteristics, including its size and weight, coat and color, and distinctive features.

Size and Weight

The Picardy Spaniel is a medium to large breed, with males typically weighing between 55 and 65 pounds and females weighing between 45 and 55 pounds. The breed stands at a height of 22 to 24 inches for males and 21 to 23 inches for females.

The Picardy Spaniel’s size and weight make it an ideal hunting companion for a variety of game, including birds and small mammals. Its strength and agility allow it to traverse rugged terrain and navigate through dense underbrush with ease.

Coat and Color

As previously mentioned, the Picardy Spaniel’s long, wavy coat is one of its most prominent features. The breed’s coat is typically thick and water-resistant, which provides protection from the elements during hunts.

While the Picardy Spaniel’s coat is often a shade of brown or gray, it can also display a variety of other colors, including white and black. The breed’s coat is known for its unique texture, which is soft to the touch and has a slight wave to it.

The Picardy Spaniel’s coat requires regular grooming to maintain its health and appearance. Brushing and combing the coat on a weekly basis can help prevent matting and tangling, while also distributing natural oils throughout the fur.

Distinctive Features

In addition to its coat, the Picardy Spaniel has several distinctive physical features. The breed has a strong and muscular build with a broad chest and powerful legs that allow it to move with agility in the field.

The Picardy Spaniel’s head is also a unique feature of the breed, with a broad skull and strong jaw that give it a powerful bite. The breed’s ears are long and droopy, adding to its overall charm and appeal.

Another distinctive feature of the Picardy Spaniel is its tail. The breed’s tail is long and tapering, and is naturally carried level with its back when the dog is in motion. This tail serves as a striking feature of the breed’s overall appearance, and is often used to communicate the dog’s mood and emotions.

Personality and Temperament

Despite the breed’s impressive hunting abilities and muscular physique, the Picardy Spaniel is known for its friendly and affectionate nature. In this section, we’ll explore the breed’s general temperament, interaction with children and other pets, and more.

General Temperament

If you’re looking for a loyal and devoted companion, the Picardy Spaniel is an excellent choice. This breed is known for its affectionate nature and desire to please its human companions. They thrive on attention and enjoy spending time with their families.

The Picardy Spaniel also has a strong prey drive, which is to be expected given its origins as a hunting breed. This drive can manifest in several ways, including an eagerness to investigate new things, chase after small animals, and play fetch with toys.

Interaction with Children and Other Pets

The Picardy Spaniel is a friendly breed that usually gets along well with children and other pets. They tend to be gentle and patient with children and can often be found playing games of fetch or cuddling on the couch.

However, it’s important to remember that every dog is an individual and may have its own unique personality traits. Careful socialization and training can help ensure that your Picardy Spaniel gets along well with everyone in your household.

Training and Socialization

Training and socialization are essential for any breed of dog, and the Picardy Spaniel is no exception. This breed is known for its intelligence and eagerness to please its human companions, which can make training a breeze.

When it comes to socialization, it’s important to expose your Picardy Spaniel to a variety of people, animals, and environments at a young age. This can help reduce any fear or aggression towards new experiences later in life.

Health and Lifespan of the Picardy Spaniel

In this section, we’ll take a look at the Picardy Spaniel’s common health issues, lifespan, and tips for maintaining good health.

Common Health Issues

Like all breeds, the Picardy Spaniel is prone to certain health issues. Hip dysplasia, ear infections, and eye problems are common in the breed. Regular vet checkups and proper grooming can help reduce the risk of these issues.

Lifespan and Aging

The Picardy Spaniel has an average lifespan of 10 to 14 years. As your dog ages, it’s important to pay attention to any changes in behavior or health and to schedule regular vet checkups.

Tips for Maintaining Good Health

There are several things you can do at home to help maintain your Picardy Spaniel’s health. Feeding a high-quality diet, providing regular exercise, and grooming your dog regularly are just a few ways to keep your dog healthy and happy.


The Picardy Spaniel is a versatile breed known for its hunting abilities, friendly nature, and handsome physical traits. Whether you’re an avid hunter or simply looking for a loyal and affectionate companion, the Picardy Spaniel may be the perfect dog breed for you. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can ensure that your dog lives a happy and healthy life by your side.

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