Discovering the Small Greek Domestic Dog Breed

Dogs are known for their loyalty, companionship, and their ability to keep their owners happy. There are various dog breeds worldwide that have distinct characteristics and personalities. One of these breeds is the Small Greek Domestic Dog, also known as the Greek Toy or Greek Bichon. This article aims to explore the history, physical characteristics, health, and care of this rare breed.

A Brief History of the Small Greek Domestic Dog

The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed is one of the oldest dog breeds in Greece, dating back to the 6th century. The breed was also known as the “Meliteo Kinidio,” which translates to “small dog from Melos.” The dog was kept primarily by the aristocracy as a lapdog and for their companionship.

Despite being a small breed, the Small Greek Domestic Dog was highly valued in Greek society. They were often depicted in artwork and were a common sight in the homes of the wealthy. The breed’s popularity continued to grow throughout the centuries, and they were even mentioned in Greek mythology.

Origins and Ancestry

The origins of the Small Greek Domestic Dog breed are uncertain, but it is believed to be a cross between a Bichon and a Maltese. It is closely related to other small breeds, including the Bolognese, Havanese, and Coton de Tulear.

However, recent genetic studies have suggested that the breed may have originated from the ancient Molossian dogs, which were known for their strength and bravery. These dogs were used by the Greeks for hunting, guarding, and even warfare.

The Breed’s Role in Greek Culture

In Greek culture, the Small Greek Domestic Dog has played an essential role over the years. Ancient Greeks believed that these dogs had healing powers and would often place them next to the sick. The breed was also used as a symbol of high social status and wealth in Greece. Ancient Greek texts, including Aristotle’s writings, mention and describe this small dog breed.

Small Greek Domestic Dogs were also used in religious ceremonies and were often sacrificed to the gods. The breed’s small size made them easy to handle, and they were often adorned with jewelry and other decorative items.

Evolution and Modernization

The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed has evolved over the years due to the crossbreeding with other small dog breeds. Breeders have selectively bred them for centuries to develop specific traits and personalities, making them the ideal family pets. Furthermore, the breed is officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Greek Kennel Club.

Today, Small Greek Domestic Dogs are still popular in Greece and around the world. They are known for their friendly and affectionate nature, making them excellent companions for families and individuals alike. They also make great therapy dogs due to their small size and gentle demeanor.

Despite their small size, Small Greek Domestic Dogs are also known for their bravery and loyalty. They will fiercely defend their owners if they sense any danger, making them excellent watchdogs.

In conclusion, the Small Greek Domestic Dog is a beloved breed with a rich history and cultural significance in Greece. Their small size, friendly nature, and loyalty make them excellent pets and companions for anyone looking for a furry friend.

Physical Characteristics and Traits

The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed is a small, elegant, and intelligent dog breed, with a fluffy and soft coat. The breed’s physical characteristics are as follows:

These adorable dogs are known for their lively and energetic personalities, making them a popular choice for families and individuals alike. They are also highly adaptable and can thrive in both urban and rural environments.

Size and Weight

According to breed standards, the Small Greek Domestic Dog should be under 30cm in height and weigh between 2 and 5 kg, making them a perfect lapdog. Despite their small size, they are surprisingly sturdy and agile, able to keep up with their owners on long walks or runs.

They are also known for their longevity, with an average lifespan of 12-15 years.

Coat and Colors

Their coat is usually long and wavy, with colors ranging from white, black, and brown, with patches on their fur. The breed requires regular grooming to maintain their coat and skin healthy. This includes regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling, as well as occasional trimming to keep their coat looking neat and tidy.

Regular grooming not only keeps them looking their best but also helps to prevent skin irritations and infections.

Facial Features and Expression

The Small Greek Domestic Dog has a round-shaped head with large, bright, and expressive eyes. They have a cute and friendly expression that can melt anyone’s heart.

Their adorable features make them a popular choice for pet owners who are looking for a loyal and loving companion.

Temperament and Personality

The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed is a playful, friendly, and affectionate dog breed with its owners. They love spending time with their family and are good with children and other pets. They may bark at strangers, but they are generally not aggressive towards them. They are intelligent dogs and can be easily trained.

They are also known for their loyalty, often forming strong bonds with their owners and becoming protective of them. This makes them an excellent choice for families who are looking for a dog that can provide both companionship and security.

Overall, the Small Greek Domestic Dog is a wonderful breed that is sure to bring joy and happiness to any household. With their friendly personalities, adorable features, and playful nature, they make the perfect pet for families and individuals alike.

Health and Lifespan

Like many other dog breeds, the Small Greek Domestic Dog is susceptible to certain health issues. However, with proper care and attention, owners can ensure their furry friends live a long and healthy life.

Common Health Issues

The breed is prone to some health issues, including dental problems, skin allergies, heart problems, and hip dysplasia. Dental problems can be avoided by regularly brushing their teeth and providing them with dental chews. Skin allergies can be prevented by using hypoallergenic shampoos and keeping their coat clean and dry. Heart problems and hip dysplasia can be detected early through regular check-ups with a veterinarian, and owners can take preventative measures to manage these conditions.

Preventative Care and Regular Checkups

Owners should ensure that their dogs receive the necessary vaccinations and regular check-ups with a veterinarian to prevent infections and keep their health in check. They should also work on keeping their dog’s weight in check, providing them with regular exercise and a healthy diet. A healthy weight helps prevent joint problems and other health issues.

In addition to regular check-ups, owners should also keep an eye out for any changes in their dog’s behavior or appearance. This can include changes in appetite, energy level, or mobility. Catching any potential health issues early can make a big difference in the outcome.

Expected Lifespan

The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed has a relatively long lifespan of up to 15 years. With proper care and attention, owners can extend the longevity of their furry friends. This includes providing them with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and mental stimulation. Mental stimulation can be achieved through training, interactive toys, and spending quality time with their owners.

Overall, the Small Greek Domestic Dog is a wonderful breed that can bring joy and companionship to their owners for many years. With proper care and attention, they can live a long and healthy life free from many common health issues.

Caring for a Small Greek Domestic Dog

To maintain the Small Greek Domestic Dog’s health and well-being, owners should ensure adequate care, nutrition, and attention.

Exercise and Activity Levels

The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed requires moderate exercise levels, making them ideal for apartment living. They should be taken for daily walks or playtime to maintain their physical and mental health.

Diet and Nutrition

Owners should feed their Small Greek Domestic Dog a balanced diet, high in protein, essential vitamins, and minerals. Additionally, they should avoid overfeeding their dogs to prevent obesity and related health issues.

Grooming and Maintenance

The breed requires regular grooming, including brushing their coats at least twice a week and regular baths to keep their fur clean and healthy. Additionally, owners should regularly trim their nails and brush their teeth to avoid dental issues.


The Small Greek Domestic Dog breed is an ancient breed with a rich history, and with proper care, they make wonderful family pets. With their cute and friendly expressions, they make excellent lapdogs, and their loyalty and affection towards their owners make them a top choice. Owners need to provide them with the necessary care, attention, and nutrition to maintain their health and well-being and ensure they lead a long and happy life.

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