The Argentine Polar Dog: A Guide to This Extinct Breed

The Argentine Polar Dog was a large and fascinating breed recognized for its physical characteristics, incredible work ethic, and unmatched loyalty.

In this guide, we will delve into the history of the Argentine Polar Dog in an effort to keep this now-extinct breed alive in the memory of dog enthusiasts around the world.

The Origins of the Argentine Polar Dog

The Argentine Polar Dog was developed in Argentina in the mid-20th century. At this time, Argentina became interested in the South Pole and wanted a dog that was able to work in rough and challenging environments, such as the Antarctic region.

To develop such a dog, Argentinian breeders started crossing several working dogs acclimated to cold temperatures, such as Alaskan Malamutes, Siberian Huskies, Greenland Dogs, and Manchurian Spitz dogs. Those efforts gave birth to a new breed – the Argentine Polar Dog.

The Role of the Argentine Polar Dog in Antarctic Expeditions

The Argentine Polar Dog has been used in numerous polar expeditions, including those conducted by the Argentine Antarctic Institute.

During these expeditions, the Argentine Polar Dog played a vital role in various tasks, including tracking, sled pulling, and search and rescue. The breed was able to follow commands and navigate through difficult terrain with ease.

Additionally, the Argentine Army used the breed to equip and protect its bases in Antarctica. The Argentino Polar Dog was brave and fearless, making it ideal for protection duties.

The Extinction of the Argentine Polar Dog

In 1994, The PEPAT treaty forced Argentinians to retreat the dogs from the continent, which resulted in the breed’s extinction. PEPAT, or Protocol on Environment Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, was designed to protect the unique ecosystem of Antarctica.

Physical Characteristics of the Argentine Polar Dog

Size and Build

The Argentine Polar Dog was a large breed with a sturdy build. Breed members were around 21.5 to 25 inches high at the withers and weighed between 130 and 135 pounds.

The Argentine Polar Dog was typically muscular and powerful, with a broad chest and strong legs. The overall size and build of the breed were imposing and radiating strength.

Coat and Color Patterns

The Argentine Polar Dog had a thick, double-layered coat that protected it from the elements. The coat came in a combination of white, black, and gray colors.

Temperament and Personality Traits

The Argentine Polar Dog was a highly intelligent and obedient breed. It was very loyal and affectionate towards its family while wary of strangers.

The Argentine Polar Dog’s Work Ethic

The Argentine Polar Dog was a working breed known for its ethics and stamina. During its relatively short existence, the breed was tasked with many duties, and it performed them with ease.

Training and Obedience

The Argentine Polar Dog was a highly intelligent and obedient breed that was relatively easy to train. It responded well to positive reinforcement techniques and could be trained to perform a range of tasks, including hunting, tracking, and protecting.

Health and Lifespan of the Argentine Polar Dog

The Argentine Polar Dog was a relatively healthy breed, although it was susceptible to certain joint issues. The breed had an average lifespan of between 10 and 12 years.


The Argentine Polar Dog was a unique and versatile breed that was well suited for a range of tasks, from hunting and tracking to polar expeditions and family companionship.

The history of the Argentine Polar Dog was short but exciting and important. Today, the breed is still well-respected for its work ethic, strength, and loyalty.

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