The Bull and Terrier: A Breed Overview

The Bull and Terrier is an extinct dog breed that was developed in England and influenced many modern canines.

In this article, we will review the breed in retrospect and explain everything you need to know about the Bull and Terrier.

History of the Bull and Terrier

The Bull and Terrier breed originated in England in the early 1800s. It was developed by crossing the Bulldog with several Terrier-type dogs. The primary role of the dog was to participate in bull-baiting.

Bull-baiting is a savage blood sport in which dogs were released and forced to fight an angry bull tied to a pole. In the early 19th century, bull-baiting was banned, and the number of Bull and Terrier dogs dwindled, eventually leading to the breed’s extinction.

The Influence of the Bull and Terrier

Today, the Bull and Terrier dog is extinct. However, its legacy lives on. Namely, the breed influenced the development of several modern dogs, including:

  • Bull Terriers
  • Miniature Bull Terriers
  • Pit Bull Terriers
  • American Staffordshire Terriers

Physical Characteristics & Temperament

Size and Weight

The Bull and Terrier was a medium-sized dog, standing between 16 to 24 inches tall and weighing between 25 to 35 pounds. Males were usually larger than females and had a more pronounced muscular build.

Coat and Colors

The Bull and Terrier had a short, smooth coat that came in many colors, including brindle, black, blue, white, red, and fawn. Some breed members had a combination of two or more colors, which gave them a more unique appearance.

Distinctive Features

The Bull and Terrier had several distinctive features, such as a broad head, strong jaws, and small, erect ears. The dog’s tail was typically docked for both cosmetic and practical reasons. The body was proportional and well-balanced with accented muscles.

Temperament and Personality

The Bull and Terriers was a strong and tenacious dog. Despite its original role as a fighter, the dog was affectionate with its humans and very loyal. This breed was fiercely protective and did not hesitate to defend the owner no matter the situation.

Health and Lifespan

The Bull and Terrier was generally a healthy dog, with an average lifespan of between 10 to 12 years. However, considering its use in blood sports, breed members rarely lived to old age.


The Bull and Terrier was a muscular and imposing dog, which despite its medium size, showed immense ferocity in the ring and devoted loyalty toward its owner.

Knowing more about the breed’s history, physical characteristics, and personality helps keep the memory of this breed alive. While extinct, some traits live on in modern breed inspired by the Bull and Terrier.

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